Dissemination of JST
- Low-Frequency Standard Time and Frequency Transmission Stations
The standard time and frequency transmission (JJY*) is a radio wave to
supply the standard frequency and JST throughout Japan.
The primary clock of broadcast stations and telephone is synchronized with JST by reception of this standard radio wave.
Ohtakadoya-yama LF Standard Time and Frequency Transmission Station has transmitted the standard wave (40 kHz) since June 1999.
Hagane-yama LF Standard Time and Frequency Transmission Station has transmitted the standard wave (60 kHz) since October 2001.
The LF standard time and frequency transmission signal includes a time code which contains the following information; minute, hour, annual date (counted from January 1), year (last 2 digits of the dominical year), and day of the week. This time code is used for reception devices such as radio controlled clocks with automatic time correction functions.
The time code signal is expected to contribute to a wide range of applications, such as clocks in home electronic appliances, cameras, automobile clocks, and the built-in clocks of measuring instruments and seismometers. The standard frequency supplied by the LF standard time and frequency transmission signal is also expected to serve as a precise frequency standard for a variety of applications: measuring instruments, communication devices, standards for the master standard devices of electronic manufacturers, standard oscillators of ground-based digital broadcasting, and highly precise frequency standards.
For your reference: although the LF standard time and frequency transmission signal has ordinarily been transmitted for 24 hours a day, it may temporarily be interrupted because of maintenance work on devises and antennas, or measures against lightning storms.
*JJY is the call sign of the radio station and form a registered trademark(T4355749) of the NICT
(Click the picture above to see larger picture)
- Internet Time Service
In today’s computerized society, most computers transfer every data via
networks. During these processes, file update times are usually defined
by the built-in clocks of the individual computers. However, these built-in
clocks of PCs are not highly precise, and so, without regular periodic
time synchronization, inconsistencies are bound to occur in file information.
Therefore, the use of NTP (Network Time Protocol) has spread so as to synchronize
the time of networked computers.
Our Group offers “Time Information Service by Networks” to time-dissemination enterprises authorized as Time Business, and internet related corporations.
Through this service, stable time information is provided by directly connecting users’ servers with NTP server linking to JST.
We offer Internet Time Service so that the public are also available to use NTP server.
(Click the picture above to see larger picture)
- Telephone Time service
Conventionally, HF standard
transmissions were widely used to synchronize clocks for business applications,
such as the master clocks of broadcasting stations. However, on Aug. 1, 1995, a
new system came into operation, supplying a high-precision time signal electronically
via analog telephone lines (telephone JJY).
A personal computer, a modem, and commercial communications software are all that a user needs to acquire time information with precision adjustment for delays in the telephone line.
Dedicated receivers for business use perform time synchronization using JST with a precision of less than one millisecond, equivalent to the precision of conventional business-use HF receivers, by measuring and correcting the delay in communication lines using the bi-directional telephone connection. Dedicated receivers are widely used in business, especially at broadcasting stations.
Following is the instruction. Nothing is required to register for using. The service is free of charge.
** Telephone number of the accessed site: +81-42-327-7592
** Communication rates, etc: 300/1200/2400bps, 8bit, non-parity, SJIS
** ID (Name?): TJJY
** Information: Time information and year, month, day, etc. (in JST or UTC)
** Function: Communication line delay measurement using the loop-back function (to be performed by the user)
** Reference: After authentication, type HELP [Enter] to view the available commands and functions.
- Calibration of the Frequency Standard
As part of our duty of providing the standard frequency, our Group performs
the frequency standard calibration. The frequency deviation of the frequency
standard is taken measures against the national frequency standard.
Calibration of frequency standard
1) Calibration in compliance with the Radio Law
2) Calibration in compliance with the Measurement Law
3) Commissioned calibration
a) Calibration of frequency standard (carried in)
b) Remote calibration
(conducted by time comparison through GPS satellites)
As for calibration in compliance with the Measurement Law (2), our Group is a designated calibration organization authorized by the Minister of Economy, Trade, and Industry, and we issue calibration certificates required by our clients to operate as certified businesses.
In terms of (3), commissioned frequency calibration, our calibration system was certified to be accordance with the ISO/IEC 17025:2005 (JIS Q 17025:2005) international standard and so is capable of issuing calibration certificates for global Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRA). (Except for the disciplined oscillators; which transmit frequency by means of synchronizing with external signals.)
As for 3), in addition to commissioned frequency calibration, measurements will also be made of short-term stability.
|Radio Law||Measurement Law||Commissioned|
|Calibraion of frequency standard||Carried-in||Carried-in Remote||Carried-in Remote|
|Measurement of short-term stability||N/A||N/A||Carried-in|
For further information, please visit http://cal.nict.go.jp/.
Frequency Standard Calibration System